How does the intestine break food into small parts
my body can use?
When the food you eat reaches the
stomach, it gets broken down by a mixture of acid and powerful enzymes. It then
moves to the small intestine where 90% of the digestion and absorption
Your small intestine makes digestive juice,
which mixes with bile and pancreatic juice to complete the breakdown of proteins,
carbohydrates, and fats. Bacteria in your small intestine make some of the enzymes
you need to digest carbohydrates. Your small intestine moves water from your
bloodstream into your GI tract to help break down food. It also absorbs water with
Digested food stays there for 4 hours until
the intestine has absorbed all the nutrients and the waste is passed on the large
intestine. Food waste moves through the large intestine where more water and
nutrients are absorbed so that a stool is formed. Normally, it takes 36 hours for
the stool to get through the large intestine before you pass it out of your body⁴⁴.