Printed From:

 

  • 1.Enterogermina6billion Patient Information Leaflet.
  • 2.Enterogermina2billion Patient Information Leaflet
  • 3.National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. What I need to know about diarrhea. NIH Publication No. 11–5176. April 2011.
  • 4.National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Key Diseases.Diarrhea. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/diarrhea/all-content. NLoavestm vbieewr e2d0 1o8n. 27
  • 5.Informed Health Online [Internet]. Infectious diarrhea: Overview. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK373090/. Last viewed 6 February 2019.
  • 6.MedBroadcast.com. Diarrhea-Did you Know? https://medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/diarrhea---did-you-know. Last viewed 7 February 2019.
  • 7.World Health Organization. Diarrhoealdisease. http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diarrhoeal-disease. Last viewed on 27 November 2018
  • 8.Cleveland clinic.Probiotics. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/drugs/14598-probiotics. Last viewed 7 February 2019;
  • 9.Department of Health, Stare of Victoria, Australia. Gastroenteritis fact sheet. www.health.vic.gov.au/edfactsheets. Last viewed 27 November 2018.;
  • 10.National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney diseases. Definition and facts for viral gastroenteritis. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/ viradli-ggeassttivroee-dnitseeriatisse/dse/ finition-facts.
  • 11.National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Viral Gastroenteritis. NIH Publication No. 11–5103 . April 2011.;
  • 12.Sattar S, Singh S. Gastroenteritis, Bacterial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK513295/. Last viewed 27 November 2018.
  • 13.Jayanthi N , RatnaSudha M.Bacillusclausii-The Probiotic of Choice in the Treatment of Diarrhoea.JYoga Phys Ther2015; 5:4 .
  • 14.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is food poisoning. https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/prevention.html. Last viewed 6 February 2019.
  • 15.International Foundation of Gastrointestinal Disorders. Common causes of chronic diarrhea. https://www.iffgd.org/lower-gi-disorders/diarrhea/common-causes.html. Last viewed 29 January 2019.
  • 16.National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Lactose Intolerance. www.health.vic.gov.au/edfactsheets. Last viewed 27 November 2018.
  • 17. BarbutF, MeynardJ. Managing antibiotic associated diarrhoea.BMJ 2002; 324:1345– 1346.
  • 18.Ho¨genauerC. Hammer H, KrejsG, Reisinger E. Mechanisms and Management of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1998;27:702-10.
  • 19.AbbresciaA .et al, Antibiotic Sensitivity of Bacillus clausiiStrains in Commercial Preparation, Clinical Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Drugs 2014;102-110
  • 20.Linares D, Ross P, Stanton C. Beneficial Microbes: The pharmacy in the gut. Bioengineered 2016; 7(1): 11–20
  • 21. GallandL. The Gut Microbiome and the Brain. J Med Food 2014; 17 (12) :1261–1272.
  • 22.Cleveland Clinic. Gut-Brain Connection. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/16358-gut-brain-connection. Last viewed 31 January 2019.
  • 23.Chang Y, El-ZaatariM, Kao J. Does stress induce bowel dysfunction? Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014; 8(6): 583–585
  • 24.CarabottiM, Scirocco A, MaselliM, SeveriC. The gut-brain axis: interactions between enteric microbiota, central and enteric nervous systems.Annalsof Gastroenterology 2015;28:203-209
  • 25.SonnenburgJ, SonnenburgE. Gut Feelings–the "Second Brain" in Our Gastrointestinal Systems [Excerpt]. Scientific American. Available at https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/gut-feelings-the-second-brain-in-our-gastrointestinal-systems-excerpt/. Last viewed 21
  • February 2019.
  • 26.Informed Health Online. Infectious diarrhea: Traveler's diarrhea. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK373093/. Last viewed 31 January 2019.
  • 27.McFarland L. Meta-analysis of probiotics for the prevention of traveler’s diarrhea. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease 2007;5: 97–105.
  • 28.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Drug-Resistant Travelers’ Diarrhea. https://www.cdc.gov/features/travelers-diarrhea/index.html. Last viewed 31 January 2019.
  • 29.National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Treatment for Diarrhea. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/diarrhea/treatment. Last viewed
  • 31 January 2019.
  • 30.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Water disinfection.https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/water-disinfection. Last viewed 31 January 2019.
  • 31.The Association of UK Dietitians. Food fact sheet. www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts. Last viewed 7 February 2019.
  • 32.KozickiM, Steffen R, Scha¨rM. ‘Boil it, cook it, peel it or forget it’: does this rule prevent travellers’diarrhoea? Int J Epidemiol 1985; 14:169–172.
  • 33.American Academy of Pediatrics. Diarrhea and your Child.2016. http://www.syracusepediatrics.com/images/Diarrhea%20and%20your%20Child.pdf. Last viewed 14 February 2019.;
  • 34.HowidiM. etal, Burden of acute gastroenteritis among children younger than 5 years of age –a survey among parents in the United Arab Emirates, http:// www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2431/12/74.
  • 35.Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota. Diarrhea.Patient/Family Education. https://www.childrensmn.org/references/pfs/condill/diarrhea.pdf. Last viewed 14 February 2019.
  • 36.Guarino A., European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition/EuropeanSocietyfor Pediatric Infectious Diseases Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Management Gaosft rAoceuntteeritis in Children in Europe: Update 2014, JPGN Volume 59, Number 1, July 2014.
  • 37.Khoury H. et al. Burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in the Middle Eastern and North African pediatric population. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:9.
  • 38.KolacekS, HojsakI, CananiR et al. Commercial Probiotic Products: A Call for Improved Quality Control. A Position Paper by the ESPGHAN Working Group for Probiotics and Prebiotics.
  • 124JPGN 2017;65: 117–
  • 39.Mandal A, SahiP. Probiotics for Diarrhea in Children. Journal of Medical Research and Innovation.2017;1(2):AV5-AV12.
  • 40.Lakshmi S, Jayanthi N, Sudha RatnaM. Safety assesmentof Bacillus clausiiUBBC07, a spore forming probiotic.Toxicologyreports 2017;4:62-71.
  • 41.Bezkorovainy, A. Probiotics: determinants of survival and growth in the gut. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,2001, 73 (2): 399s–405s.
  • 42.Vamanu, E. Effect of gastric and small intestinal digestion on lactic acid bacteria activity in a GIS1 simulator. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences (2017) 24, 1453–1457.
  • 43.NCBI Bookshelf. How does the intestine work? https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279303/. Last viewed 8 February 2019.
  • 44.IBD Relief. What is the digestive system and how does it work? https://www.ibdrelief.com/learn/what-is-ibd/how-the-digestive-system-works 1/. Last viewed 8 February 2019.
  • 45.Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Personal microbiomes shown to contain unique ‘fingerprints’. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/personal-microbiomesfingceornptrainints-/ u. nLiqauste v- iewed 9 February 2019.
  • 46.Drexler M; Institute of Medicine (US). What You Need to Know About Infectious Disease. Washington (DC):National Academies Press (US); 2010.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/ #ddNdB00K020099.7 L1a0s/t viewed 9 February 2019.
  • 47.GareauM, Sherman P, Walker W. probiotics and the gut microbiota in intestinal health and disease.Nat. Rev. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010; 7:503–514.
  • 48.Harvard Health Publishing. Can gut bacteria improve your health?. https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/can-gut-bacteria-improve-your-health. Last viewed 9 February 2019.
  • 49.Zhang Y, Li S, Gan R et al. Impacts of Gut Bacteria on Human Health and Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015;16.
  • 50.The Digestive Wellness Clinic. Dysbiosis and IBS.https://www.digestivewellness.com.au/conditions/intestinal-dysbiosis/. Last viewed 10 February 2019.
  • 51.National Institutes of Health. Probiotics: In Depth. Available at https://nccih.nih.gov/health/probiotics/introduction.htm#hed2. Accessed 6 February 2019
  • 52.FijanS. Microorganisms with Claimed Probiotic Properties: An Overview of Recent Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014;11: 4745-4767.
  • 53.SoccolC, VandenbergheL, Spier M et al. The Potential of Probiotics: A Review. Food Technol. Biotechnol. 2010;48 (4) 413–434.
  • 54.SenokA , Ismaeel A, BottaG. Probiotics: facts and myths. Clin Microbiol Infect 2005; 11: 958–966.
  • 55. Mazza P. The use of bacillus subtilis as an antidiarrheal microorganism. Boll. Chim. Farmaceutico.1994:133(1).
  • 56.ArzeseA., probiotic activity of Bacillus Clausiiin childhood diarrhea. Atti del congresso Probioticie Prebiotici, Catania, 10-20 Settembre 2002.
  • 57.RipertG. et al, Secreted Compounds of the Probiotic Bacillus ClausiiStrain O/C Inhibit the Cytotoxic Effects Induced by Clostridium difficile and Bacillus cereus Toxins, Antimicrobial CheAmgeonthtse raanpdy 2016; 60 (6).
  • 58.Sudha, M.R. et al. Efficacy of Bacillus clausiistrain UBBC-07 in the treatment of patients suffering from acute diarrhoea. Beneficial Microbes (2013) 4: 211-216
  • 59.NistaEC et al, Bacillus clausiitherapy to reduce side-effects of anti-Helicobacter pylori treatment: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial, Aliment PharmacolTher2004; 20: 1181–1188
  • 60.National Institutes of Health. When you have diarrhea. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000121.htm. Last viewed 26 February 2019.
  • 61.Health Navigator Organization. New Zealand. Diarrhoea. https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/d/diarrhoea/. Last viewed on 26 February 2019.
  • 62.Royal College of Nursing. The management of diarrhea in adults.2013. London.
  • 63.University Rochester medical center. What Do You Know About Diarrhea? Available at https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx? ContentTypeID=40&ContentID=DiarrheaQuiz&CustomAnswers_DiarrheaQuiz=q1a4_c,q2a2,q3a2,q4a4_c,q5a5_c,q6a4_c,q7a5_c,q8a5_c Accessed on 19 March 2019.
  • 64.National Institutes of Health. Keeping your gut in check. www.newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/May2017.
  • 65.Harvard Health Publishing. Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea. https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-a-to-z. Last viewed 28 February 2019.
  • 66.Cleveland Clinic. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/how-to-prevent-diarrhea-while-you-take-antibiotics/. Last viewed 28 February 2019.
  • 67.Cleveland Clinic. 5 simple tips to prevent norovirus this winter. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/five-simple-tips-to-prevent-norovirus-this-winter/. Last viewed 28 February 2019.
  • 68.American Nutrition Association. . The Science of Probiotics. http://americannutritionassociation.org/newsletter/science-probiotics. Last viewed 21 February 2019.