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1. Which of these is a common cause of diarrhea?

A. Contaminated food or water
B. Viral infection
C. Imbalance of good and bad bacteria in the gut
D. All of the above

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The correct answer is D. All of the above. Bacteria that may contaminate food , viruses such as rotavirus (especially in children), and disruption of the normal healthy balance in the digestive tract can cause diarrhea⁸,³⁶.

 

2. Besides watery stools, which of these symptoms
also may happen during diarrhea?

A. Abdominal pain
B. Bloating
C. Nausea
D. All of the above

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The correct answer is D. All of the above. You may also experience these symptoms when you have diarrhea⁶³.

 

3. If a child has diarrhea, when should you call the doctor?

A. Contaminated food or water
B. Viral infection
C. Imbalance of good and bad bacteria in the gut
D. All of the above

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The correct answer is D. A and D. You should also call the doctor immediately if your child does not improve within 24 hours of developing diarrhea, or if the child’s stools contain blood or pus, or if they are black⁶³.

 

4. Which of these fluids is best to drink to prevent
dehydration when you have diarrhea?

A. Water
B. Broth
C. Fruit juice
D. A and B

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The correct answer is D. A and B. Water is very important in preventing dehydration. But because you also need electrolytes, you can drink broth and soups⁶³.

 

5. Which of these foods is a good choice when you have diarrhea?

A. Bananas
B. Rice
C. Plain toast
D. All of the above

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The correct answer is D. All of the above. It’s best to eat soft, bland foods until your diarrhea goes away and avoid milk and milk products and foods that are greasy, high in fiber, or very sweet⁶³.

 

6. Traveler’s diarrhea is caused when people visiting developing
countries eat food or drink water that is contaminated.
Which of these is a good tip to follow when traveling
to places where food and water may be a problem?

A. Don’t brush your teeth with tap water
B. Avoid all raw fruits and vegetables unless they can be peeled
C. Don’t use ice that is made from tap water
D. All of the above

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The correct answer is D. All of the above. Other tips include: Don’t eat raw or rare meat or fish; don’t eat meat or shellfish that is not hot when served; don’t eat food from street vendors⁶³.

 

7. Probiotics is one way to relieve diarrhea and the symptoms,
but who are probiotics for?

A. Only for older people with diarrhea
B. Only for adults with diarrhea symptoms
C. Only for kids with diarrhea
D. Anyone  with diarrhea can take probiotics

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The correct answer is D. You don’t need to be a certain age to take probiotics⁵¹.